Ovary Twinges before Period: What is the Reason behind?

It is true that feeling pain could cause worry if not panic especially when you have not experienced such a condition before. Some do not have this problem, but I admit that my ovary twinges before my menstrual period. It does not happen to me often, but when it does, it really hurts like a quick stabbing pain or a stretch of inside muscles. The on and off pings could be mild at times, but I observed that it often occur at the right side of my lower belly.

However, the feeling could be different for you since we all have our own stories. Do you know why it happens?


Why does your ovary twinge right before your period?

The term that the doctor gave for such condition is ovulation pain or Mittelschmerz (in German). It happens in the middle of your menstrual cycle right before the period begins. The follicle, which is a tiny sac in your ovary that holds the ovum ruptures and releases the egg. The process is the reason why your ovary twinges.

Here are several theories explaining why the process causes pain.

  • It says that upon the release of the egg, the follicle grows. When this happens, the surface of the ovary stretches and causes pain.
  • Another theory believes that the releasing of the blood and other fluids by the time the follicle splits causes irritation. When the system reabsorbs the fluid back, the pain stops. You see, your ovaries do not have an opening. Hence, you may feel pain when it breaks out through the walls.

This familiar pain can be a slight tweak or pang that would last for a few minutes. However, the discomfort can also be cramping that will trouble you for hours. The feeling will only be on one side (it depends on which side of the ovary releases the egg) just in the lower part of the tummy.

Nevertheless, there is a chance that you may not feel the same at all. Do you know that only 20% of women claim to have this ovulation pain? I call you lucky if you do not have it, but some suffer from cramps even two weeks before the period.

Do you want to know other symptoms of Mittelschmerz? This is common for women in the adolescent stage, and in the twenties. However, there are some cases for those in their 40’s as well.  Below are some signs that you are having ovulation pains:

  • You can feel it at only one side of your lower abdomen.
  • It will strike without notice and often catches you in surprise.
  • You will feel a sharp pain, twinge, or spasms.
  • It usually strikes and last for a minute, but could happen for hours or even a day.
  • It switches sides each month.
  • It only happens before your period.
  • Although seldom, minor spotting may occur.
  • When the pain is severe, nausea is a common complication.

I purposely want to let you be aware of the probable signs that happen when you are having ovulation pains like the controversial ovary twinges. It would be easy for you to monitor your cycle and identify your ovulating days and fertility. It helps when you plan to conceive. On the other hand, this is also an advantage for those who are careful not to get pregnant.

Ovary Twinges before period: Is it PMS or Early pregnancy symptom?

Do you know that the pain for PMS or early pregnancy symptom are just the same? The intensity and the character is similar in that it usually brings confusion to you whether it is just the normal PMS or your awaited good news. However, PMS could be more severe pain, occurs around two weeks before menstruation and may last for hours.

In contrast, signs of early implantation happens a week or less before your expected period and hit you with only minimal pain. You may feel it intermittently within three days. When it happens and no period comes, then you may be on the way. Check for some pregnancy signs as well like sore breasts, nausea, darkening of nipples, spotting, etc.

However, take note that a sharp pain on one side of your abdomen that radiates all over and accompanied with spotting call for help. There is a big possibility of you having an ectopic pregnancy.


You see, when your ovary twinges before the period, it could mean two things. It is either you are just experiencing another PMS or a sign of early pregnancy. The slight difference may confuse which is which. However, if you are not pregnant, your period will take place.

If you miss your period, take a pregnancy test to make sure. Unless you suspect there are other reasons for the pain, I suggest asking help from a medical professional. I hope you find this article helpful. Drop a chat!

Sarah Palmer

Hi! I'm Sarah. My husband and I have a beautiful little girl; plus we’re anxiously awaiting the arrival of Baby #2, so this is a very exciting time for us. Throughout this amazing journey called Parenthood, I’ve learned so much and love sharing my experiences with other parents at SarahsLovelyFamily.com. I'd love to share my discoveries with you too!

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